Vietnam’s banking sector has needed a reboot for some time. Impacted by bad debt, corruption and lax regulation, banks have not reached their potential. In response to the multiple problems, Vietnam is implementing a development strategy to strengthen the sector. The pressure is on banks to comply with new regulations, such as adhering to Basel II capital standards, but banks along with rating agencies generally have an upbeat view of Vietnam banking’s future.
For the 28 jurisdictions that are members of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, adopting Basel banking standards is a given. But why are some non-member developing countries embracing the reforms when they don’t have to? The answers vary by country, but the final lesson is that regulators should carefully evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of adopting Basel regulations in whole or in part for their nation’s unique situation.