It cannot be denied that we learn from mistakes of the past, and so the 2007-08 financial crisis is a lesson that keeps on giving. Ten years later, most banks are in stronger positions, but only because the crisis has changed all the rules on liquidity provision and has led to much tighter relationships between central banks, governments, funding markets and financial institutions.
Quantitative easing and low interest rates were to work together to ignite roaring economic growth following the last financial crisis; in some parts of the world, monetary policy has set interest rates at zero (even below), but growth remains elusive and rock-bottom inflation rates coincide with interest rates. What went wrong?
At the beginning of 2017, the European Central Bank (ECB) confirmed that it will keep its benchmark rate unchanged at 0 percent and its deposit rate at -0.4 percent. To sustain European economies, the ECB will also continue its bond-buying program with 80 billion euros (US$85 billion) per month until the end of March.
Paying a fee to deposit money in a bank savings account is a concept most people cannot fathom, but German banks have begun to charge wealthier retail customers. Bank managers claim this is a result of the ECB’s negative interest rates, which penalize them for holding funds with the ECB.
On June 8, the European Central Bank (ECB) began its Corporate Sector Purchase Programme (CSPP), which was initially announced by the bank’s president, Mario Draghi, on March 10 as an addendum to the ECB’s quantitative easing (QE) program.
It seems increasingly likely that the darkest days for Greece’s banks are now behind them. The European Central Bank (ECB) announced on June 22 that it will reinstate their access to its cheap funding operations as a reward for the damaging but necessary economic reforms that have been undertaken by the government.
Earlier this year, the European Central Bank (ECB) decided to cut its deposit rate to -0.4 percent and its benchmark refinancing rate to zero.
If cash is to continue to thrive then it must modernize. Cash must be more accessible to businesses and consumers, and it must move more quickly between the two.
Owing to the historic referendum result that has paved the way for the UK to leave the European Union (EU), the City of London—the world’s largest financial sector—is set to be fundamentally transformed, along with the banking sectors in the UK and Europe predominantly.
The Banking Union project, launched in the summer of 2012, was key to reversing the fragmentation trends that were threatening the Eurozone at the time.