You could be excused for thinking that financial inclusion is a given. In reality, however, this is far from the truth. As illustrated by a recent report by the World Bank, 1.7 billion adults across the world are ‘unbanked’, meaning they do not possess a bank account or have access to formal finance. This situation is not confined to just one part of the world. Whether you live in a developed country or developing region, the unbanked can be found. For example, just 14 percent of adults in the Middle East hold a bank account.
On November 8, India’s prime minister, Narendra Modi, addressed his nation to announce that Rs 500 (approximately $7.25) and Rs 1,000 notes would be withdrawn from circulation. Indian citizens have until the end of 2016 to swap their holdings of old notes, effectively giving them just over 50 days to get rid of currency that is soon to be defunct.