Anemic economic growth in advanced economies has led central banks to prescribe loose monetary policy that has not produced the cure. The problem may lie more on the supply than demand side; digital innovation in industrial operations if properly implemented could lead to the transformative revolution that will boost productivity and revive economic performance.
Forecasting economic risk is an attempt to quantify the unknowable in a complex, ever-changing system. Although they often fall short of future realities, macroeconomic forecasting models that include thoughtful and comprehensive analyses of risk factors will provide launching points for serious and useful economic-policy discussion and planning.
On June 8, the European Central Bank (ECB) began its Corporate Sector Purchase Programme (CSPP), which was initially announced by the bank’s president, Mario Draghi, on March 10 as an addendum to the ECB’s quantitative easing (QE) program.