During his campaign, US President Donald Trump was short on praise for Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen. But since taking office in January, he has softened his public remarks about her low interest-rate policies, and there is even the possibility that he might re-nominate her in 2018. Would the reappointment of an avowed monetary-policy dove work for or against his economic plans in the future?
Quantitative easing and low interest rates were to work together to ignite roaring economic growth following the last financial crisis; in some parts of the world, monetary policy has set interest rates at zero (even below), but growth remains elusive and rock-bottom inflation rates coincide with interest rates. What went wrong?
If it seems as if the world has changed, it is because it has. Economic growth, for example, lags behind the levels reached before the 2007/2008 financial crisis even in developed countries. The need for governments to step in with proactive fiscal policies to kick start their economies has never been greater.